Category: Geography

What Were Helluland And Markland From The Old Norse Sagas?

Helluland and Markland were (alongside Vinland) territories that were described in two Old Norse medieval sources, namely the sagas of Erik the Red and of the Greelanders. Thus, according to the Icelandic sagas, these two remote locations were the first to be spotted by Leif Erikson prior to his arrival in Vinland (situated in present-day…


Map Of The Viking World With Placenames In The Old Norse Language

Below you can see a detailed map designed by Sandra Rimmer for www.abroadintheyard.com depicting the world known to the Vikings in the Viking Age with original placenames in the Old Norse language. For this work, the following sources were credited: The Skaldic Project, The Old Norse World, and Altnordische Kosmographie by Rudolf Simek. Note: All credits…


Commerce And Key Markets In Scandinavia During The Viking Era

Commerce in Scandinavia during the Viking Era is mostly known to have taken place between the major trading ports located around the North and Baltic seas. During the Viking Age, the most significant emporia situated along the coastlines of the previously mentioned bodies of water (or in their vicinity) were the following ones (approximate or…


A Brief History Of The Hvalsey Church In Greenland

The ruins of the Hvalsey church from southern Greenland represent the best preserved historical evidence of a past Norse settlement in the region during the Middle Ages. Geographically, the site on which the church was built is located on a narrow strip of land facing a fjord, in the proximity of the small town of…


Discover The Viking Town Of Birka, Sweden

Birka is a Viking Age town that was used in early medieval Sweden as one of the most significant trading posts from the Baltic Sea region. It is located 30 kilometres west of the capital city of Sweden, Stockholm, in Lake Mälaren (alternatively known in English as Lake Malar), specifically on the island of Björkö…