Category: Linguistics

Futhark – The Ancient Runic Script Of The Norsemen

Even before the start of the Viking Age the Norsemen (Vikings) used to write and read in the Runic alphabet of their own language, namely Old Norse. This Runic alphabet that was used by the Norsemen before and in the time of the Viking Age is commonly known as ‘fuþark’ (futhark). Regarding its origin, three…


Could The Elfdalian Language In Sweden Be Preserved In The Future?

Elfdalian (autonym: Övdalsk) is an archaic North Germanic language spoken by circa 2,000 native speakers in the locality of Älvdalen, the seat of the namesake municipality located in Dalarna county, Sweden. As it is the case of the rest of the North Germanic languages (specifically Danish, Swedish, Norwegian, Icelandic or Faroese), Elfdalian is descended from Old Norse,…


A Short Guide To Irish-English Accents

Irish English (or Hiberno-English, from Latin ‘Hibernia’ meaning Ireland) is a term that refers to the totality of dialects spoken and written in Ireland. Historically, English was firstly used in Ireland along with the Norman conquest in the 12th century in the geographic area corresponding to modern day Dublin, at the time known as ‘the…


Classification Of The Germanic Languages Spoken In Europe

The Germanic languages form a linguistic sub-branch of the Indo-European languages. They are divided into three additional sub-groups as follows: West Germanic (English, German, Low German, Dutch, Frisian, Scots, Afrikaans, Yiddish, Luxembourgish) North Germanic (Danish, Norwegian, Swedish, Icelandic, Faroese, Elfdalian) East Germanic – extinct sub-group (Gothic, Burgundian, Vandalic) Statistics I) West Germanic languages 1) English…


Could English Be A North Germanic (Scandinavian) Language?

The English language as we know it today is descended from Old English, a Germanic language which was brought by the Angles and Saxons during the Early Middle Ages in Britain, hence being alternatively known as Anglo-Saxon. In the wake of the Anglo-Saxon settlement, the Norse incursions, and the Norman conquest after the Battle of…