Tag: Transylvania

The Bukovina Germans: A Community On The Verge Of Extinction

The Bukovina Germans (known in German as either ‘Buchenland Deutsche’ or ‘Bukowina Deutsche’) represent an ethnic German minority which previously lived in Bukovina, a historical region situated at the crossroads of Central and Eastern Europe (nowadays divided between Suceava County in northeastern Romania and Chernivtsi Oblast in western Ukraine) from about 1774, when the region…


Bram Stoker’s Dracula Might Have Been Inspired From An Irish Legend

The highly popular Gothic horror character created by Bram Stoker in his 1897 novel entitled ‘Dracula’ might have actually been inspired from an Irish folk legend instead of the historical prince of Wallachia Vlad III Dracul (Vlad III the Dragon) who reigned during the late Middle Ages. While the most popular theory regarding Dracula’s origin…


The History Of The Medieval Saxon Fortified Churches In Transylvania

Since the High Middle Ages, a German-speaking population known as the Transylvania Saxons has been continuously living in southern and north-eastern Transylvania, present-day Romania. One of their greatest historical achievements is represented by a series of fortified churches, compactly spread in the proximity of the Carpathian mountain range. These peasant citadels (as opposed to their fortified cities)…


Pioneering Spacecraft Propulsion In Late Medieval Transylvania

Conrad Haas was a Transylvanian Saxon engineer of Austrian origin (born in Dornbach, near Vienna) who lived in the city of Hermannstadt (Romanian: Sibiu) from the Principality of Transylvania at some point in the late Middle Ages/Renaissance period. Prior to his arrival in Transylvania, present-day Romania, Conrad Haas was in charge of the arsenal of…


The Transylvanian Saxon Citadel Of Reps

Repser Burg or Reps (also known in the Transylvanian Saxon dialect as Räppes, in Romanian as Rupea and in Hungarian as Kőhalom) is a Transylvanian Saxon citadel located in Brașov county, south-eastern Transylvania, Romania. In late Antiquity, on the site on which the citadel was subsequently built by the German colonists during the High Middle Ages there…