Tag: Transylvania

Top 5 Transylvanian Saxon Fortified Churches

5. Grossau (Standard German)/Grīßau (Transylvanian Saxon dialect) Grossau (Romanian: Cristian) is supposedly one of the oldest settlements of the Transylvanian Saxons, being settled at some point during the 12th century. However, the locality was first attested in a 13th century Latin charter known as ‘Insula Christana’. The local Saxon church, erected on the site of a former Romanesque…


Top Five Transylvanian Saxon Fortified Cities You Should Visit In Romania

Here’s a top of five Transylvanian Saxon fortified cities you should definitely visit in Transylvania, Romania. 5. Rosenau (German)/Rusenå (Transylvanian Saxon) The Rosenau citadel (Romanian: Cetatea Râșnov) was built in 1215 by the Teutonic Knights. The German name of the citadel stems from the German word ‘rose’. During the 19th century, the Ancient Roman fort…


A Brief History Of The Transylvanian Saxon Dialect

The Transylvanian Saxon dialect is a dialect of the German language that was mainly spoken in Transylvania, Romania prior to 1989, before most of the Transylvanian Saxons emigrated abroad. In Transylvanian Saxon, the dialect is known as ‘Siwweberjesch Såksesch’  (often simplified as ‘Såksesch’), whereas in standard German it is known as ‘Siebenbürgersächsisch’ or as ‘Die…


The History Of The Transylvanian Saxon Citadel Of Schäßburg

Schäßburg is a medieval city located in Transylvania, central Romania. In Romanian it is known as Sighișoara and in Hungarian as Segesvár. In the Transylvanian Saxon dialect, Schäßburg is known under the names Schäsbrich and Šesburχ. This medieval settlement was also known in Latin as ‘Castrum Sex’, given the fact that it was built on…