Tag: Transylvania

The History Of The Medieval Saxon Fortified Churches In Transylvania

Since the High Middle Ages, a German-speaking population known as the Transylvania Saxons has been continuously living in southern and north-eastern Transylvania, present-day Romania. One of their greatest historical achievements is represented by a series of fortified churches, compactly spread in the proximity of the Carpathian mountain range. These peasant citadels (as opposed to their fortified cities)…


Pioneering Spacecraft Propulsion In Late Medieval Transylvania

Conrad Rudolf Haas was a Transylvanian Saxon engineer of Austrian origin (born in Dornbach, near Vienna, Austria) who lived in the town of Hermannstadt/Härmeschtat (Romanian: Sibiu) from the Principality of Transylvania at some point in the Late Middle Ages/Renaissance period. Prior to his arrival in Transylvania, present-day Romania, Conrad Haas was in charge of the…


The Transylvanian Saxon Citadel Of Reps (Rupea)

Repser Burg or Reps (also known in the Transylvanian Saxon dialect as Räppes, in Romanian as Rupea, and in Hungarian as Kőhalom) is a Transylvanian Saxon citadel located in Brașov county (German: Kreis Kronstadt), south-eastern Transylvania, Romania. In late Antiquity, on the site on which the citadel was subsequently built by the German colonists during…


The Transylvanian Saxon Fortified Church Of Birthälm (Biertan)

The Transylvanian Saxon fortified church of Birthälm (Romanian: Biserica fortificată din Biertan) is a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Transylvania, Romania. Along with six other fortified churches (five Saxon ones and a Székely one), it is part of UNESCO’s list of ‘Villages with fortified churches in Transylvania’. The inscription of these medieval landmarks to UNESCO…


The Transylvanian Saxon Fortified Church Of Weißkirch (Viscri)

The Transylvanian Saxon fortified church of Weißkirch (Romanian: Biserica foritficată din Viscri) is one of the most spectacular medieval monuments in Transylvania, with a rich history, a well preserved structure as well as a well deserved UNESCO World Heritage Site status. It is located in Brașov county, south-eastern Transylvania and together with the surrounding village…