Learn Why Healthcare Is A Fundamental Human Right

Healthcare as a fundamental human right has long been the topic of debate. It is one of the basic rights as a virtue of humanity. Together with other rights, it is devoid of issues like economic status, culture, nationality, race, or religion. Many countries have readily accepted it, making it a part of the constitution. Other nations are still debating on the matter.

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The constant deliberations have become subjects for studying at the university. Different thoughts have come out about what it really means. This article focuses on the basics of this right and why it’s essential to learn why healthcare should be accessible for everyone, irrespective of their positions in society.

Definition of the Right to Health

The World Healthcare Organisation’s constitution first defined the right to healthcare in 1946. According to the legislation:

“The enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of health is one of the fundamental rights of every human being…”.


It also defines health as: “a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.”

There are still other definitions used in colleges. But another stable outlook is that of the 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights. In it, health was defined as a basic right to live. Also, article 12 of the 1966 International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights states health as:

“1. The states parties to the present Covenant recognize the right of everyone to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health.
2. The steps to be taken by the States Parties to the present Covenant to achieve the full realization of this right shall include those necessary for:
a. The provision for the reduction of the stillbirth rate and of infant mortality and for the healthy development of the child;
b. The improvement of all aspects of environmental and industrial hygiene;
c. The prevention, treatment, and control of epidemic, endemic, occupational and other diseases;
d. The creation of conditions which would assure all medical service and medical attention in the event of sickness.”

Based on these interpretations of human rights in the modern world, education settings now revolve around this discussion. Students now handle paper samples for their essay assignments. It’s common to find a “is healthcare a basic human right essay” topic as a task for submission. It encompasses the primary importance for humans to access health at all times.

Why Health Should Be A Fundamental Human Right

While some schools of thought believe health should be a privilege, many others consider it an essential aspect of life as human beings. Parties who describe health as suitable base their arguments on positive views.

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All Lives Are Equal And Should Get Same Care

Healthcare is an instrumental part of a prosperous society. Since all lives are equal on moral grounds, it should not be linked to a capacity to work. Some people were born with a deformity, which is no fault of theirs, which reduces their ability to earn a livelihood.

In addition, there are other categories where lives can work but cannot benefit from healthcare employer coverage. Such lives still need healthcare as their potential can improve society with good mental and physical well-being. Hence, they can do their best to contribute to the GDP of an economy.

More Opportunities to Grow

Rather than seeing health as a privilege, classifying it as a fundamental human right gives room for growth. Society depends on all strata of the economy to contribute to its survival. That’s why education also might be an important social determinant of health. A lack of primary healthcare leaves room for depression.

Affordable Healthcare

The common argument opponents of healthcare as a human right have is the cost. For many households, the expensive state of healthcare is a common cause for lack of access. With a rise in training for health personnel, fees for medical schools are on the increase. Hence, more families are continuously being cut off from being treated, which gets worse with how peculiar the case could be.

Making healthcare a fundamental right will help to still have a sense of moral obligation. Medical experts will see their profession as a call to serve humanity. Combining affordable healthcare with telemedicine consultation can significantly improve access to medical services while keeping costs manageable for patients. The result could allow more patients to get care.

Future of Healthcare

Currently, the future of healthcare is relatively uncertain. While several countries have continued to champion the cause for global health rights, there are still pushbacks. These hindrances are from entities that believe accessible healthcare could disrupt societal proceedings.

A clear example is that of private health insurance firms. They are particularly against it because of the risk of dwindling profits. Other free-market enablers also believe placing healthcare as a right and not privileged is a strain on capitalism.

However, other interested parties are gladly pushing for other nations to accept it. Institutions like the World Health Organisation are requesting that sovereign nations recognize treaties and Covenants. This will enable their citizens to access health at all times.


The current debate on whether health is a right or privilege may continue to reach new heights. The conversation now involves academic scholars, but the debate may not end. Human rights in the modern world have become direr, with cases of mental health illness more common. Hence, healthcare as a fundamental human right has become more critical than ever. The responsibility is more important than ever to ensure health is accessible to everyone.

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