Map Of The Viking World With Placenames In The Old Norse Language
Below you can see a detailed map designed by Sandra Rimmer for www.abroadintheyard.com depicting the world known to the Vikings in the Viking Age with original placenames in the Old Norse language. For this work, the following sources were credited: The Skaldic Project, The Old Norse World, and Altnordische Kosmographie by Rudolf Simek.
Note: All credits go to the creators of this work and to the website where it was originally published. Please click to enlarge for higher resolution.
The Norsemen travelled along many maritime routes throughout the tumultuous Viking Age which started sometime during the 9th century and ended in the mid late part of the 11th century. The Norwegian and Danish Vikings would often sail westward, to the British Isles, Iceland, Faroese, Greenland or even North America, while the Swedish Vikings would voyage into modern day Poland, Russia, and Ukraine along the great rivers.
The Viking Age took place during the early Middle Ages, being triggered primarily by trade and subsequently marked by conquest, plunder, and settlement by the Norsemen in most of the regions where they landed.
Key (only for some major placenames from this map, listed in no particular order, with their historical/contemporary correspondents):
- Norvegr – Norway;
- Danmörk – Denmark;
- Svitjod – Sweden;
- Finnland – Finland;
- Garðaríki – Russia;
- Frakkland – France (or, in the past, the Frankish Empire);
- England – England;
- Bretland – Wales;
- Skotland – Scotland;
- Hjaltland – Shetland Islands;
- Orkneyjar – Orkney Islands;
- Irland – Ireland;
- Spanland – Spain;
- Miklagarð – Constantinople;
- Nordmandi – Normandy;
- Ísland – Iceland;
- Groenland – Greenland;
- Helluland – Baffin Island, Canada;
- Markland – Labrador, Canada;
- Vinland – Newfoundland and New Brunswick, Canada.
- Skraelingsland – modern day United States of America and Canada (or, in the past, the lands inhabited by the Skraelings, Native American populations from North America);
- Nordhraf – North Atlantic Ocean;
- Svartahaf – Black Sea;
- Englandshaf – North Sea;
- Noregshaf – Norwegian Sea;
- Groenlandshaf – The Sea of Greenland;
- Færeyjar – Faroe Islands;
- Grikkland – Greece (or, in the past, the Byzantine Empire);
- Harvaða fjöllum – Carpathian Mountains;
- Ungarariki – Hungary;
- Blokumannaland – Romania (or, in the past, Wallachia);
- Bolgaraland – Bulgaria;
- Egiptaland – Egypt;
- Afrika – Africa.